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Catalogue of Arcade Emulation Software - the Absolute Reference

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Hard Drivin' (cockpit, rev 7)


Hard Drivin' (c) 1988 Atari Games.


- TECHNICAL -


Game ID : 136052 (cockpit), 136068 (compact)


Main CPU : 68010 (@ 8 Mhz), TMS34010 (@ 6 Mhz), TMS34010 (@ 6.25 Mhz), ADSP2100 (@ 8 Mhz)

Sound CPU : 68000 (@ 8 Mhz), TMS32010 (@ 5 Mhz)

Sound Chips : DAC (@ 5 Mhz)


Screen orientation : Horizontal

Video resolution : 508 x 384 pixels

Screen refresh : 60.00 Hz

Palette colors : 1024


Players : 2

Control : Steering wheel with gearshift

Pedals : Accelerator, Brake


- TRIVIA -


This was the world first driving simulator to use 3-D polygon graphics.


You may have noticed that the Credit Screen lists Doug Milliken as a Test Driver (See Staff section). He is listed as a Test Driver because Atari didn't want anyone to know what he really did. Hard Drivin' had to be as accurate as possible. That meant doing an accurate car model to mathematically describe the physics of how the parts of the car (engine, transmission, springs, shock absorbers, tires, etc.) react to each other, to the road and to the driver's inputs. The pioneer in the field (in the 1950s) was William Milliken of Milliken Research. His son, Doug, has continued his father's work. Doug is probably the world's leading expert in car modeling. Doug and his father wrote the book on car modeling.


Jerry Landers holds the official record for this game with 529,800 points.


Patents that come out of Hard Drivin' are :

5,005,148 : 'Driving simulator with moving painted dashboard'.

5,354,202 : 'System and method for driver training'.

5,577,913 : 'System and method for driver training with multiple driver competition'.


Note : There were 15 officially released versions, counting 11 cockpit and 4 compact versions, including various British, German and Japanese versions.


- UPDATES -


Notes : In all British versions, you are in a right-hand drive car.


* Cockpit versions :


Revision 1 :

* World release.

* Software version : 7.8.


Revision 2 :

* World release.

* Software version : 7.9.


Revision 3 :

* World release.

* Software version : 8.1.


Revision 4 :

* German release only.

* Software version : 8.2.


Revision 5 :

* British release only.

* Software version : 8.3.


Revision 6

* British and Japanese releases only.

* Software version : 8.4 for Japanese and 8.5 for British.


Revision 7

* World, British and Japanese release.

* Software version : 8.6 for all.


* Compact versions :


Revision 1 :

* World release.

* Software version : 2.9.


Revision 2 :

* World, British and German releases.

* Software version : 3.1 for all.


- SERIES -


1. Hard Drivin' (1988)

2. Race Drivin' (1990)

3. Hard Drivin' II - Drive Harder (1991, Atari ST, Commodore Amiga)

4. Hard Drivin's Airborne (1993)

5. Street Drivin' (1993)


- STAFF -


* Main :

Project leader, game designer, sound system, mech designer, force shifter, analog HW : Rick Moncrief

Techician, mech, designer, sound recording, dashboard shift, game designer : Erik Durfey

Software designer, game designer, car model, force feedback steering, SW tools : Max Behensky

Hardware designer, self test, instant replay, integer 3D algorithms, game designer : Jed Margolin

Game programming, display software, championship lap, game designer : Stephanie Mott


* Others :

Cabinet designers : Mike Jang, Ken Hata

Graphics : Sam Comstock, Kris Moser, Deborah Short, Alan Murphy

Display math software : Jim Morris

ADDN'L programming : Gary Stark, Mike Albaugh, Ed Rotberg

ADDN'L hardware : Don Paauw

Marketing : Linda Benzler, Mary Fujihara

Sales : Shane Breaks

Mechanical designers : Jacques Acknin, Milt Loper, Geoff Barker

Test drivers : Doug Milliken, Dave Shepperd

Music : Don Diekneite

Management : Dan Van Elderen, Lyle Rains, Hide Nakajima


- PORTS -


* Consoles :

Sega Mega Drive (1990)

Atari Lynx (1991)

Microsoft XBOX (2004, "Midway Arcade Treasures 2")

Nintendo GameCube (2004, "Midway Arcade Treasures 2")

Sony PlayStation 2 (2004, "Midway Arcade Treasures 2")


* Computers :

Commodore C64 (1989)

Commodore Amiga (1989)

Atari ST (1989)

Amstrad CPC (1989)

Sinclair ZX Spectrum (1990)

PC [MS-DOS] (1990)

PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] (2006, "Midway Arcade Treasures Deluxe Edition")